Regent Fire Consultants

Phone: UK +44 (0)113 4677 145 | IRE +353 (0)1209 1963 | Email: |

Fire Safety Law & Compliance

Failing to comply with fire safety legislation can be a criminal offence and can lead to significant fines and/or imprisonment. In the unfortunate event that an individual/organisation faces legal proceedings against them we can advise on liability, support with defence and assist with mitigation.

UK Fire Safety Legislation

The framework governing fire safety in occupied premises in England and Wales is principally the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 (RR(FS)O). Its purpose is to govern fire safety in respect of the use and operation of occupied premises. The RR(FS)O places duties on the person (or company) with control; namely the Responsible Person who must identify fire risks and address fire safety. The duties relate to carrying out a fire risk assessment, implementing appropriate fire safety measures to minimise risks and to review the assessment. 

The Fire Safety Act 2021 (FS Act) applies to England and Wales. The FS Act amended the RR(FS)O clarifying that in multi-occupied residential buildings (with two or more sets of domestic premises) the RR(FS)O applies to the structure and external walls (including cladding, balconies and windows) as well as entrance doors to individual flats that open into common parts. 

The FS Act enabled Government to lay the Fire Safety (England) Regulations 2022 which came into force on 23 January 2023 and implement the majority of the recommendations made by the Phase 1 report of the Grenfell Tower Inquiry. The regulations impose new duties on the Responsible Person for any building which contains two or more sets of domestic premises and contains common areas through which residents would need to evacuate in an emergency. Therefore a suitable and sufficient fire risk assessment as required under the RR(FS)O will need to take into account the requirements of the Fire Safety (England) Regulations 2022 where they apply. 

There are separate pieces of fire safety legislation covering Scotland and Northern Ireland; The Fire (Scotland) Act 2005 and The Fire and Rescue Services (Northern Ireland) Order 2006 respectively, which also place duties on persons in control of premises similar to the RR(FS)O. 

Regent Fire Consultants are third party certificated to the Life Safety Fire Risk Assessment Silver Scheme and BAFE SP205 Life Safety Fire Risk Assessment Scheme through the National Security Inspectorate (NSI).

Ireland Fire Safety Legislation

When a building is constructed and occupied in Ireland, statutory responsibility for safety is assigned by section 18(2) of the Fire Services Acts, 1981 & 2003 to the ‘person having control’ of the building. The person having control is required to take reasonable measures to guard against the outbreak of fire and to ensure the safety of persons in the event of fire. 

Section 19 of the Safety, Health and Welfare at Work Act 2005 in Ireland requires employers to carry out risk assessments and to record these in the Safety Statement. A fire safety risk assessment should be conducted. This should include fire prevention, detection and warning, emergency escape, measures for firefighting, provision of sufficient information, training and supervision. Whether you need advice over the telephone or an assessment of your premises, our fire safety consultants and engineers can assist with helping you to ensure your premises comply with the relevant legislation.

Enforcement & Prohibition Notices

Enforcement notices are served on a daily basis by authorities enforcing fire safety legislation and require the Responsible Person to remedy matters that are deemed to be a risk to the safety of people. Prohibition notices are served regularly and can either prohibit the use of a building or part of a building. A prohibition notice is generally only served where there is a serious and imminent risk to the safety of people. Being served with a prohibition notice is a significant risk to an organisation as it can have huge financial implications. 

Notices can be complex and difficult to interpret without the correct understanding, with remedial works often detailed in a notice being costly. There are sometimes other ways of complying with a notice which can be less costly. We have the technical expertise to identify this and help you. Enforcement and prohibition notices served by a Fire and Rescue Service are required to be placed on a public register operated by the National Fire Chiefs Council (once the appeal period has ended). Customer engagement with organisations which have a poor fire safety record could be affected. 

We can assist by liaising with the enforcing authority on your behalf to mitigate the impact on your business whilst bringing about an adequate level of safety. Where you feel you shouldn’t have been served with such a notice, we can review this for you and advise you whether you have a right of appeal and support you through the process.

Advice on Liability, Defence & Mitigating Litigation Risk Under Fire Safety Legislation

The average fine under the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 since the Grenfell Tower fire is £27,519, which is more than a third higher than the average fine before the tragedy source: 

This shows that courts are taking fire safety offences very seriously. In the unfortunate event that an individual/organisation faces legal proceedings against them (potential prosecution by an enforcing authority such as a Fire and Rescue Service) we can advise on liability, support legal teams with defence and assist with mitigating the impact of legal action. 

Our team has vast experience with the process of fire safety prosecution as regulators and as technical expert consultants. We are well placed to advise on complex prosecution matters.

Company & Team Certifications & Memberships